A Businessman can’t run a Country

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There is a War in Ukraine This is the result but the government is still making a profit
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The system needs to be changed not the toilet the government is sitting on
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People died when they tried to change the system in Ukraine in 2014 in Kyiv
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A war broke out and a businessman was elected president of Ukraine and so was his whole staff …
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A man and his family return from abroad after being shot in Kyiv. His family was struggling, and is struggling with a businessman as President.
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This is a kitchen . This family lost their father and husband in the WAR with Russia. They aren’t compensated accordingly. A businessman is president.
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This is what Kiev looked like when there was no President from February to May 2014

A Businessman can’t run a country.

 

I arrived in Lviv about a week ago.  As I was talking to the people around me and while visiting friends it  became clear to me, that there is a distaste for government and politicians who really aren’t politicians but greedy money grabbers who insist on profiting from the people they were elected by, and robbing the nation they run.  There is no interest on the part of government to represent anyone but themselves.  They are businessmen.  They are billionaires.

 

Ukraine has been experiencing this for a long time. One might say nonstop since the Tsars ruled over Eastern Ukraine and the Austrians and other neighbors afterwards until August 24th, 1991.   What really happened that day?  They say hindsight is 20/20 funny we are about three years away from 2020 we should see perfectly by then.

 

On August 24, 1991 Ukrainian proclaimed its independence at noon.  From that moment on there were people who immediately became part of the government and immediately started robbing, plundering and leading Free Ukraine down a path of no return for its inhabitants.   Russia was well aware of what was happening and that is why they held Gorbachov hostage.  They were preparing for the major regrouping of themselves,  and there was no way they would let go of Ukraine.  For them this meant get rid of Gorbi, change their name and continue down the imperial path.  For them freedom  was all a hoax.

 

During Maidan, the Revolution of dignity where the young people of Ukraine almost a quarter of a century later, said enough of this , we want Ukraine. Not a hybrid Ukraine, not a crime ridden Ukraine, simply a dignified European Nation.   For this  they were beaten and killed.  Because Russia could not contain them, they marched in Krym, annexed it to Russia and invaded Donbass and Luhansk….. They had no alternative.  The new post-Soviet generation had spoken.

 

On November 21, 2016,  I attended a funeral mass for all those who have perished and are fighting for this free and independent European State they wish to live in called Ukraine.  The prayers included statements such as, we needed angels to watch over what was to come after February 19th 2014 and we got them.  We got 100 of them called the heavenly hundred.   We needed to understand we have nations on our borders who don’t want to coexist with us, they want to simply march in and take a piece of us.  The Ukrainian people in east, west south and north realized it is in no one’s interest for Ukraine to exist.

The Ukrainian people came to realize that there are global forces who are coming up in the world, that will control the new governments in different countries, and no matter who gets elected where, Russia will stay on the Eastern front and be responsible for world chaos and turbulence.   They often refer to the Malaysian airplane M-17 that was brought down by Russian Turbulence, and no one cares about,  not the European Dutch and not the Asian Malaysian…as a prime example of how  Russia is in power and can do as it pleases.

 

Isis was born during the period of the Ukraine Revolution of dignity the Euromaidan 2014. It was at this time that Russia started to annex new lands and take charge in Syria and Iran, yet no one seemed concerned.  The battle was named a battle on terrorism from the Middle East.  Russia walked away from this chaos clean as a whistle. Does anyone pay attention to the fact that Russia was in Afghanistan before the USA?    Does that not mean anything to anyone?  There are elections taking place. People are voting, but there is no change.

 

There was a very meaningful sign at Maidan that read we need a system change not a toilet.  In Ukraine as the Russians were in the process of invading, Poroshenko was elected President.  I ask people about it.  The response is brilliant.  The response has been experienced in Ukraine since the so called fall of the iron curtain in 1991.

 

A businessman is out for his own pocket. In this case out for his chocolate factory. He has no interest in running a country.  I ask so what can be done.  The answer is nothing, we are at war.  We are in a war with a super power that the rest of the world calls Hybrid, but we are dying. We elected him and we are busy fighting.  His term is four or five years and we have opportunity then, to elect someone who isn’t a businessman surrounded by his buddies who are, all looking to fill their pockets at our expense.  We shouldn’t elect a businessman again.

 

In conclusion again, the Ukrainian people are way ahead of this world game.  They were ahead three years ago when they stood at Maidan.  They are ahead now.  They know a businessman can’t run a country……

 

Halyna Klymuk X

Lviv  November 23, 2016

Ihor Chomiak’s story about his Ukrainian family in Ukraine and DP camps of Germany

Christening in Augustdorf DP camp 1953
My Christening in Augustdorf DP camp where i was born. Left to right Dr. Theophil Kis, Anna Kekish/Romaniuk My mother Mother nee Boyko and my father Mykhajlo the little boy is my older brother Ivan.
Children were born in these camps, I was one of them who never left.
The camp I was born in. This is a refugee camp for Displaced Persons in Augustdorf, Germany .
Myron Mytrovych is playing the piano
Ukrainians from Paris support the annual meeting of Ukrainians in Nord Rhein Westphalen

 

Annual Ukrainian get together in North Rhein Westphalen
Darka Mazuryk and Myron Mytrovych guest performers in Duesseldorf. My daughters presented them with flowers. Daria and Laryssa.
Children were born in these camps, I was one of them who never left.
The camp I was born in. This is a refugee camp for Displaced Persons in Augustdorf, Germany .
We already lived in Dusseldorf Wersten
My first holy communion. This is my godmother Anna Kekish Romaniuk. She lives in London Ontario
Speach about who we are here in Germany in the early 80's
I am giving a talk in German at the yearly convention in Hause des Deutschen Ostens…. this is in the early 80’s

Meine Familie, die ukrainischen DP’s (Displaced Persons) in Deutschland.
Von Ihor Myroslaw Chomiak

Die Jugend meiner Eltern in der Ukraine.

Zum Zeitpunkt der Geburt meiner Eltern tobte in der Westukraine der polnisch-sowjetische Krieg von 1919-1921 und anschliessend fiel die Westukraine an Polen. 1939 annektierte dann die Sowjetunion (Ribbentrop Molotov Pakt) die Westukraine und 1941 Nazideutschland. Unter diesen Umstaenden verbrachten meine Eltern ihre Jugend, der brutalen Polenisierung unter Polen(1921-1939) der Ausrottung von bestimmten Gruppen der westukrainischen Bevoelkerung durch die spaetere allierte Macht Sowjetunion (1939-1941) und dann Nazideutschland, mit deren Endloesungsbestreben der Ukraine durch deren Generalplan Ost (1941-1944).

Bis 1939 waren die sozialistische Sowjetunion und das sozialistische Nazideutschland freundlich zueinander gesinnt und vereinbarten so den Ribbentrop Molotov Pakt. Sie waren sich darin einig, das die Ukraine Voelkerabfall darstellt, somit kein Recht auf Existenz hat und deshalb ausgerottet werden muss. Die Sowjetunion bevorzugte skrupelosen Terror durch systematische Toetung von anfangs quotierten 10% der westukrainischen Bevoelkerung in Erschiessungskammern zum Zweck der Restruktierung in eine nach leninistischem Verstaendnis entgueltigen harmonischen Gesellschaft, der Rusifizierung. Nazideutschland bevorzugte die sofortige Umsetzung des Generalplans Ost, der Schaffung des Lebensraums fuer Deutsche auf ukrainischen Territorium und als Endloesung die Beseitigung der heimischen Ukrainer durch Zwangsarbeit unter schwersten unmenschlichen Bedingungen bis zum Tod in Deutschland, der Germanisierung. 1944 fiel die Ukraine wieder an die Sowjetunion.

Deportation meiner Eltern zur Zwangsarbeit nach Deutschland.
Meine Mutter Maria Chomiak, geb. Bojko ist 1921 geboren und stammte aus dem huzulischem Dorf Bili Oslawy im Karpatenhochgebirge. Sie war Vollweise. Mit dem Einmarsch Deutschlands in die Ukraine in 1941, drangen ungarische deutschverbuendete Truppen in die Karpaten und bombardierten ihr Dorf. Ihr Haus wurde durch Kanonenfeuer vollstaendig zerstoert. Alle Maedchen des Dorfes wurden dann von Nazideutschen zusammengetrieben und in Transpotzuegen nach Deutschland zur Zwangsarbeit deportiert. Meine Mutter verrichtete ihre Zwangsarbeit bis Kriegsende bei Landwirten in Krefeld-Huels .
Mein Vater Mychajlo Chomiak ist 1922 geboren und stammte aus dem boykischem Dorf Uniatych in der naehe von Drohobych. 1940 unter Sowjetherrschaft, wurde mein Vater volljaehrig und in die Sowjetarmee eingezogen. Sein Name wurde von den Sowjets in das russische auf Mihkail Khomyakov umgeschrieben und er wurde in die Suempfe Wolyniens abkomandiert, wo Soldaten aufgrund der dortigen Bedingungen massenweise verstarben. Auf dem Weg nach Wolynien sprang mein Vater vom Zug und kehrte zu Fuss in sein Dorf zurueck, wo er sich unter der Obhut der Jugendorgnisation Sich und der oertlichen Organisation Ukrainischer Nationalisten (OUN) versteckt hielt. Auf Desertation von der Sowjetarmee stand die Todesstrafe. Nach der Besetzung der Ukraine durch Nazideutschland in 1941 glaubte mein Vater wie nicht wenige seiner Landsleute von den Sowjets sicher zu sein und hielt sich nicht mehr im Versteck auf. In der Folge wurde er von Nazideutschen wegen seiner Mitgliedschaft zur Jugendvereinigung Sitch verhaftet und zur Zwangsarbeit in das beruechtigte Arbeitslager der Kohlenzeche Minister Stein nach Dortmund-Ewing depotiert. Er ueberlebte das Arbeitslager, indem 6.000 Zwangsarbeiter waehrend der Kriegsjahre verstarben, sehr geschwaecht und krank an offener Tuberkolose. Nach Kriegsende verbrachte er laengere Zeit in einem Sanatorium fuer Lungenkranke in Sennestadt, wurde jedoch von der britischen Militaerverwaltung auf die Liste der in die Sowjetunion zu repatriierenden gesetzt. Nur durch die Schwere seiner Erkrankung wurde seine Repatriierung vorlaeufig ausgesetzt.

Behandlung durch die Militaerverwaltungen der westlichen Siegermaechte nach dem Krieg.
Bemerkenswert ist, das die westlichen Militaerverwaltungen die fuer die deutsche Endloesung vorgesehenen deportierten ukrainischen Zwangsarbeiter die unzutreffende Bezeichnung Displaced Person, also vertriebene Person, waehlten und nicht NS-Opfer oder Survivers of Nazi Persecution. Dann vereinbarten die westlichen Siegermaechte mit der alliierten Sowjetunion in Jalta, diese Zwangsarbeiter nicht nach der von ihnen beanspruchten ukrainischen Nationalitaet sondern nach sowjetrussischer Sichtweise in Staatsangehoerigkeiten zu klassifizieren, womit die Sowjets erreichten, das diese Personen als sowjetische Staatsangehoerige angesehen und dementsprechend in Repatriierungstransporte in die Sowjetunion eingegliedert wurden. Und so began die grossangelegte Rueckfuehrung der DP’s in ihre “Heimatlaender” die bis 1949 andauerte.
Der Status NS-Opfer oder Survivor of Nazi Persecution war anderen Nationalitaeten vorbehalten. Unter welchem Einfluss westliche Militaerverwaltungen diese Klassifizierungen vornahmen ist bis heute nicht eindeutig ausgesprochen. Klar ist, das 1944 die sowjetische und neue polnische Regierung basierend auf dem Ribbentrop-Molotov Abkommen sich auf ein Repartriierungsabkommen geeinigt hatten, wonach alle Ukrainer Polens in die Sowjetunion und umgekehrt alle Polen aus den ehemaligen polnischen Ostgebieten der Ukraine nach Polen umgesiedelt wurden. Das war der sowjetisch-polnische Weg zur Loesung der “ukrainischen Frage”. Dies war den westlichen Siegermaechten bestens bekannt. Auch haben die westlichen Siegermaechte das Abkommen zwischen sowjetischem Kommunismus und deutschem Nationalsozialismus (Ribbentrop-Molotov Abkommen) nicht in Frage gestellt und somit dem sowjetrussischem Weg zur Loesung der “ukrainischen Frage” zugestimmt. Nur so ist das Verhalten der westlichen Militaerverwaltungen auf Zuweisung der sowjetischen Staatsangehoerigkeit an ukrainische Zwangsarbeiter und Einverstaendnis zu Massenrepatriierungen zu verstehen. Diese Behandlungsweise wurde von den westlichen Allierten zur Durchfuehrung in das SHAEF-Memorandum (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) und den UNRRA-Statuten (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration) festgeschrieben, was bedeutete, das Ukrainer gegen ihren Willen als sowjetische Staatsbuerger angesehen und auf das Territorium des Landes ihres letzten Aufenthaltes zurueckgefuehrt werden sollten.
Nur in begruendeten Faellen waere eine Ansiedlung (Emigration in Einwanderungslaender) durch die Militaerverwaltungen unterstuetzt worden. Diese Bedingung der begruendeten Faellen galten vor allem fuer juedische DP’s, die von den Militaerverwaltungen als DP’s juedischer Nationalitaet gefuehrt wurden alsauch baltischen DP’s, jedoch nicht fuer Ukrainer. Dadurch kamen Westallierte gegenueber Ukrainern in Erklaerungsnoete, denen sie dieses Recht auf nationale Identifikation vorenthalten wollten.
Ukrainer waren in den DP Camps diszipliniert und sehr gut organisiert. Um das Leben der ukrainischen DP’s zu koordinieren, gruendeten sie am 29.Mai 1945 in der amerikanischen Zone die Zentralvertretung der ukrainischen Emigration in Deutschland (ZPUEN), der Wasyl Mudryj, ehemaliger Abgeordneter im polischem Sejm und Mitglied der OUN-Fraktion Banderas vorstand. Bereits 1945 verwendete Mudryj den Begriff der Zwangsrepatriierung und entwickelte Verweigerungsstrategien, wie sich Ukrainer vereinzelt gegen ihre Rueckfuehrung wehren konnten. Dazu gehoerte auch, das ukrainische DP’s in ueberwiegender Mehrheit darauf bestanden, ihnen den Status ” political entities ” also politische Person oder “undetermined” (unbestimmt) zuzuordnen. Desweitern organisierten sich ukrainische DP’s kulturell und religioes in DP-Camps, in der sie ihre eigenen Kirchen, Schulen und Einrichtungen zur kulturellen Pflege und Bildung installierten. Das Recht auf religioese und kulturelle Pflege konnten die Militearverwaltungen den ukrainischen DP’s nicht untersagen.
Als dann nach Kriegsende Verbaende der ukrainischen Aufstaendischen Armee (UPA) und Mitglieder des ukrainischen Befreiungsrates die Ukraine verliessen und in die amerikanische Zone Deutschlands kamen, weichte die Behandlung der Militaerverwaltungen gegenueber Ukrainern auf, da diesen sehr wohl bekannt war, das Mitglieder des Befreiungsrates und Soldaten der UPA vehemment gegen sowjetrussischen Kommunismus kaempften. Das SHAEF-Memorandum Nr. 39, das eine nationale Definition “Ukrainer” nicht zuliess und die UNRRA-Statuten verloren dann bezueglich der Zwangsrepatriierung ihre Wirkung, Ukrainer wurden nicht mehr als polnische oder sowjetische Staatsangehoerige angesehen, sondern der Status politcal entities zugeordnet, womit der Weg zur Emigration in Einwanderungslaender frei war.
Das konsequente Auftreten der Zentralvertretung der ukrainischen Emigration unter Leitung von Wasyl Mudryj und der OUN-Fraktion Banderas gegen die Repatriierung und ihre sehr effektive Selbsthilfe hinterliess bei ukrainischen DP’s in allen westlichen Militaerzonen einen starken Eindruck, sodass deren Einfluss enorm anstieg. Nach Genesung und Entlassung aus dem Sanatorium angagierte sich mein Vater in dieser Bewegung und war Vorsitzender der Ukrainer in den DP-Camps Augustdorf, Lintorf und in der Fluechtlingssiedlung in Duesseldorf-Wersten
Die neue deutsche Endloesung, nun fuer Ukrainer mit dem Status Heimatlose Auslaender in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
In die typischen Auswanderungslaender (USA, Kanada, Ausstralien usw.) durften nur gesunde DP,s ziehen, die arbeiten konnten. Kranke waren nicht erwuenscht. Daher verblieben viele DP,s der sogenannte “Hard Core” von fast 150.000 in Deutschland. Was aus diesem Personen schliesslich geworden ist, ist allgemein unbekannt und auch unerforscht.
Ich bin in Deutschland im DP Lager Augustdorf (suewestlich von Detmold, Bezirk Lippe, fruehere Britische Zone) 1953 als Kind ukrainischer DP’s geboren und habe 50 Jahre in Deutschland verbracht. Heute lebe ich in Naples, Florida, USA. Die Geschichte der Ukrainer von der Nachkriegszeit bis in die juengste Zeit in Deutschland, also des Peronenkreises dem ich angehoere, ist so anders als die derjeniger Ukrainer in den Auswanderungslaendern. Die Erfahrung meiner Familie, meine persoenliche und die der ukrainischen Gemeinschaft, in der ich langjaehrig in verschiedenen Positionen taetig war, schreibe ich hier nieder.
Nach Gruendung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland uebergab die International Refugee Organisation (IRA) die in Deutschland verbliebenen DP’s der deutschen Obhut. Aus deportierten ukrainischen Zwangsarbeitern wurden nach dem Willen der westalliierten Siegermaechte “sogenannte Ukrainer” und Displaced Persons (DP’s). Aus den DP’s wurden nach dem Willen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Fluechtlinge, Staatenlose oder Heimatlose Auslaender . Diese Statuse wurden dann auch den nachfolgenden Generationen der ehemaligen DP’s uebertragen und gelten bis zum heutigen Tag. So gib es in Deutschland mittlerweile die vierte Generation ukrainischer Fleuchtlinge und heimatloser Auslaender aus dem Personenkreis deportierter Zwangsarbeiter.
Die in Deutschland verbliebenen Ukrainer waren Opfer des Nazionalsozialismus. Anstatt diese einzubuergern, erteilte das neue Deutschland diesen Personen den Status Staatenlos oder Heimatloser Auslaender. Zum Verstaendnis, die deutsche Staatsbuergerschaft ist nur fuer deutschstaemmige vorgesehen. In Deutschland geborene Auslaender erhalten nicht die deutsche Statsbuergerschaft. Dies gab den Ukrainern zu verstehen, dass sie Fremde sind und in Deutschland entweder die deutsche Lebensweise aufnehmen oder Deutschland nicht ihre neue Heimat wird. Das war wohl die deutsche Antwort darauf, das die in Deutschland verbliebenen Ukrainer sich nicht nach dem Willen der Siegermaechte in die Sowjetunion repartriieren liessen. Deutsche gelten als nicht auslaenderfreundlich und ziemlich russophil. Die Deutschen sahen die ukrainischen DP’s nicht als Menschen an, denen durch Krieg und die Schuld des deutschen Volkes das entstandenes Schicksal dieser heimatlos gewordenen, mitzutragen. Von Integration in die neue Bundesrepublik war keine Rede. Bei den Deutschen ueberwog die Skepsis gegenueber den “Russen” oder “Russkis” wie sie vielfach genannt wurden, obwohl Ukrainer nicht aus Russland stammten. Demgegenueber zeigten sich Ukrainer nicht sonderlich geneigt, ihren deutschen “Gastgebern” die noch so schlimmen Verbrechen, die sie waehrend des Zweiten Weltkrieges gegenueber Ukrainern veruebt hatten, zu vergeben. Um Deutsche mit Sympathie zu begegnen, gab es keinen Anlass. Von Integration in die bundesdeutsche Bevoelkerung war keine Rede. Und so waren meine Eltern nun der deutschen Behandlungsweise ausgesetzt.
Sie wurden in das fuer katastrophale Umstaende bekannte Lager Augustdorf umgesiedelt. Die Zustaende in diesem Lager, indem der sogenannte “Hard Core” also Kranke und Menschen mit physischen und psychischen Behinderungen untergebracht wurden, waren deutschen Fuersogeaemtern, der UNO und anderen internationalen Organisationen, die sich weltweit um das Los der DP’s sorgten, bestens bekannt. Insbesondere waren Schwerbehinderte und Tbc-Kranke unakzepteablen Zustaenden ausgesetzt. 1950 meldete das neu entstandene Bundesverteidigungsministerium Ansprueche auf das ehemalige Wehrmachtsgelaende Augustdorf an, das nach Kriegsende zum DP Camp umfunkioniert wurde. Das Evangelische Hilfswerk Westfalen wurde damit beauftragt, neue Wohnungen fuer die DP’s zu finden. Wie sich das deutsche Evangelische Hilfswerk um die DP’s kuemmerte, entnehmen wir aus einem Schreiben des Hilfswerkes vom 26.5.1955, indem das Hilfswerk ohne Bedenken den inakzeptablen Begriff vom ” Program der Endloesung fuer Insassen des DP Lagers Augustdorf ” verwendet. So verstand ein deutsches christliches Hilfswerk ihre Arbeit fuer heimatlose Auslaender. Nach Augustdorf wurde unsere Familie in ein neues DP Camp Ratingen-Lintorf umgesiedelt und dann spaeter in die Fluechtlingssiedlung in Duesseldorf-Wersten.
Wie Deutschland ukrainischen Opfern des Nazionalsozialismus fianzielle Entschaedigung entzog.
Wer aus Gruenden politischer Gegenerschaft gegen den Nationalsozialismus oder gegen wen aus Gruenden der Rasse, des Glaubens oder der Weltanschauung nationalsozialistischen Gewaltsmassnahmen veruebt wurden, hatte in der neugegruendeten Bundesrepublik Deutschland einen Anspruch auf Wiedergutmachung durch finanzielle Entschaedigung. Die Bundesregierung vermied jedoch eine Gleichstellung von DP’s mit deutschen Fluechtlingen, die grosszuegig entschaedigt wurden. Mit dem Ersetzen des Begriffs DP durch den des heimatlosen Auslaenders vermied die Bundesregierung den darin enthaltenen Hinweis auf die unverschuldete Zwangsverschleppung und des deutschen schuldhaftenden Handels im zweiten Weltkrieg gegenueber ukrainischen Zwangsarbeitern, obwohl heimatlose Auslaender nach dem Gesetz zur Rechtstellung heimatloser Auslaendern Deutschen gegenueber gleichgestellt waren. Mit diesem juristischem Trick verweigerte Deutschland den ehemaligen ukrainischen Zwangsarbeitern finanzielle Entschaedigung als Wiedergutmachung. Dies war den westlichen Allierten und den Vereinigten Nation bekannt. Sie schwiegen. Trotzdem beantragten in Deutschland verbliebene ukrainische ehemalige DP’s finanzielle Entschaedigung. In der Regel waren Vertreter des United Ukrainian Amercian Relief Committee (UUARC), die auch in der britischen Zone akiv waren, bei der Antragsstellung behilflich. In der ehemaligen britischen Zone, in der wir lebten, war der Vertreter des UUARC mit den Namen Ingenieur Stepaniuk derjenige, der die Antraege formulierte und begruendete. Das Bundesverwaltungsamt in Koeln beschaeftigte sich mit der Antragsstellung im Bundesland Nordrhein Westfalen. Der Vertreter des UUARC erkannte den deutschen juristischen Trick nicht, mit der sich Deutschland widerrechtlich den Anspruechen ehemaliger Zwangsarbeiter zu entledigen versuchte und begruendeten in der Regel alle Antrage formaljuristisch falsch. Somit konnte das Bundesverwaltungsamt die Antraege als unbegruendet ablehen. Und niemad verwies die Antragssteller darauf, gegen die Ablehnung Widerspruch einzulegen. Damit wurden die Ablehnungen rechtskraeftig und die ukrainischen heimatlosen Auslaender verloren ihre Ansprueche auf Wiedergutmachung durch finanzielle Entschaedigung, dies auch durch inkompetente Beratung des UUARC. Der Mindesanspruch auf Wiedergutmachung war auf der Hoehe der Mindestrente eines deutschen Beamten mit Anspruch ab dem Zeitpunkt der Gruendung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. In der Regel stellte dies im Einzelfall einen Wert von durchschnittlich 200.000-250.000 DM per Person dar. Mein Vater war einer der ganz wenigen, der gegen die Ablehnung Widerspruch einlegte, sodass sein Anspruch weiterhin formaljuristisch exestierte.
Der Versuch Deutschlands sich der Verantwortung gegenueber meinem Vater zu entziehen.
Erst in den 1980 Jahren aenderte die deutsche Bundesregierung ihre Haltung gegenueber ehemaligen Zwangsarbeitern und bot unglaublich niedrige Zahlungen als Entschaedigung an, im Fall meines Vaters DM 3.000,–als Einmalzahlung. Da der Antrag meines Vaters durch seinen Widerspruch immer noch akut war, bestand das Bundesverwaltungsamt darauf, das zwischen meinem Vater und der Bundesrepublik Deutschland eine einvernehmliche Vereinbarung zu treffen sei, die von einem Gericht zu bestaetigen ist, um die Sache meines Vaters entgueltig abzuschliessen und weitergehende Ansprueche auszuschliessen. Mein Vater hatte einen deutschen Anwalt in seiner Sache, wollte aber selbst nicht am Gerichtstermin teilnehmen. Er bat mich ihn vor Gericht zu vertreten und erteilte mir eine dementsprechende Vollmacht. Im Gerichtstermin erklaerte der Vorsitzende Richter das er mit der Materie der Ukrainer gut vertraut ist, da er die Antraege von Stepan Bandera und Jaroslaw Stetzko ablehnend entschied. Dann erklaerte der Vertreter des Bundesverwaltungsamtes die Absicht, die Sache meines Vaters kulanterweise abzuschliessen, obwohl so seine Ausfuehrung, mein Vater eigenlich keinen Anspruch habe, da nach seiner Sichtweise Ukrainer waehrend des zweiten Weltkrieges wie Deutsche behandelt wurden. Der Anwalt meines Vaters schwieg und ich fuehlte mich durch diese Aussage sehr gedemuetigt. Ich erklaerte dem Gericht, das ich bevollmaechtigt durch meinen Vater eine Einigung auf dieser Grundlage ablehne. Daraufhin erklaerte der Vorsitzende Richter, das ein neuer Termin angesetzt werde, in der ich die Ansprueche meines Vaters formaljuristisch zu begruenden habe und das Gericht nicht eine einvernehmliche Einigung protokolieren werde, sondern die Sache meines Vaters durch Urteil entscheiden werde. Ich verstand dies als eine Art Drohung des Gerichtes und der Anwalt meines Vaters fuehlte sich durch meine Entscheidung uebergangen. So war ich mir nicht sicher, wie ich meine ablehnende Entscheidung meinem Vater erklaeren werde. Zu meiner Erleichterung bergruesste mein Vater meine Entscheidung, er selbst wollte und konnte sich mit Deutschen in dieser Sache nicht mehr beschaeftigen.
Fuer mich war die Haltung des Richters und des Vertreters des Bundesverwaltungsamtes so erniedrigend. Die einzige Erklaerung die ich fand war, dass Deutschland aus opportunistischen Gruenden einfach die Behauptung aufstellte, mein Vater sei nicht Zwangsarbeiter in einem Arbeitslager sondern ein Fluechtling oder Hilfswilliger gewesen, und stuetzen sich wohl darauf, wie es die alliierten Siegermaechte nach dem Krieg definierten. Ein derartiges Verhalten konnte ich mir nur mit Opportunismus der Deutschen und deren Gemuet erklaeren, sich der Verantwortung aus deren Vergehen waehrend der Nazi-Herrschaft zu entziehen. Auf die naechste Gerichtsverhandlung habe ich mich dann sehr gewissenhaft vorbereitet. Sehr behilflich waren mir deutsche Dokumente veroeffentlicht im Buch des in Paris lebenden ukrainischen Historikers Dr. Volodymyr Kosyk mit dem Titel ” Das Dritte Reich und die ukrainische Frage, Dokumente 1934-1944 “.
In der naechsten Gerichtsverhandlung beantragte ich fuer meinen Vaters Entschaedigung als Opfer des deutschen Nazionalsozialsmus. In meiner Begruendung stellte ich dem Vertreter des Bundesverwaltungsamtes die Frage, ob er meinen Vater als Fluechtling ansehe und vor wem mein Vater nach seiner Sichtweise nach der Besetzung der Ukraine durch Nazideutschland dann geflohen sei und wie er sich im das Arbeitslager in Dortmund-Ewing wiederfand? Meine naechste Frage war, warum die Bundesrepublik Deutschland den waehrend des Krieges verstorbenen Zwangsarbeitern der Zeche Minister Stein in Dortmung ein Ehrenmal einrichtete, und in der Liste der Opfer nicht ein einziger deutsche Name zu finden sei. Sah so die behauptete oder sogenannte “Gleichberechtigung der Ukrainer mit Deutschen” aus? Abschliessend fragte ich die Gegenpartei, ob sie die Ausfuehrung des Generalplanes Ost durch Nazideutschland in der Ukraine leugne. In diesem Fall werde ich dem Gericht zum Beweis jedes mir vorliegende Dokument aus deutschen Bundesarchiven als Beweis vorlesen. Ich erhielt auf keine meiner Fragen eine Auskunft. Alsdann erlaubte ich mir dem Vositzenden Richter, demselben wie in der vorherigen Verhandlung, ein Dokument aus dem Bundesarchiv Koblenz zu zitieren. Demnach erteilten Nazideutsche Sicherheitskraefte in der Ukraine den schriftlichen Befehl, Mitglieder der Banderabewegung unter dem Vorwand des Diebstahls unverzueglich zu verhaften und im Geheimen sofort zu erschiessen. Daraufhin unterbrach der Richter die Verhandlung, um sich zur Beratung zurueckzuziehen. Nach Wiederaufnahme der Verhandlung unterbreitete mir der Vertreter des Bundesverwaltungsamtes ein neues Angebot einer guetlichen Einigung, nun in Hoehe von DM 50.000,– als Einmalzahlung. Zudem erklaerte mir der Richter, das ich bedenken solle, dass der urspruegliche Antrag meines Vaters anders formuliert und begruendet war, als ich es in der Verhandlung tat, aus Unterlagen der britischen Militaerverwaltung hervorgehe, das mein Vater sich als deutschstaemmig ausgab und letztlich das in Deutschland zu diesem Zeitpunkt keine historische Aufarbeitung der Ukraine Frage unter der Naziherrschaft vorliege, sondern nur eine im Bezug auf die Sowjetunion. In Falle eines Urteils koenne sich dies negativ auf die Ansprueche meines Vaters auswirken und das er unter Umstaenden leer ausgehen werde. Ich habe dem Vorschlag zugestimmt, da ich im Vorfeld der Verhandlung selbst festgestellt habe, das mit Ausnahme des Buches von Dr. Kosyk eigentlich keinerlei historische Aufarbeitung im Bezug auf die Ukraine unter Naziherrschaft aufzufinden war, die als Beweis dienen konnte. Der ist nunmal vor Gericht ein Unterschied zwischen dem was ich glaubte ,dem was allgemein bekannt war und einer geschichtswissenschaftlichen Aufarbeitung. Meinem Vater lege ich eine Kopie der Unterlage der britischen Miliaerverwaltung mit Bezug aus seine Deutschstaemmigkeit vor, worauf mir mein Vater erklaerte, das dies im Sanatorium 1945 von einem Mitarbeiter der Militaerverwaltung vorgenommen wurde, um ihn nicht auf die Repatriierungsliste in die Sowjetunion zu setzen.
Nach der gerichtlichen Einigung der Sache meines Vaters sprachen mich nicht wenige meiner ukrainischen Landsleute an und baten deren Ansprueche zu ueberarbeiten, was in der Sache unglaublich konpliziert war. Dabei handelte es sich auch um Personen, die als Minderjaehrige in Konzentrationslagern eingessen haben und deren Antrage auf finanzielle Entschaedigung fehlerhaft gestellt wurden, sodass diese bezueglich Entschaedigungen vollkommen leer ausgingen. Im meiner Erinnerung verbleibt der bittere Nachgeschmack, wie sich die wirtschaftlich so gigante Bundesrepublik Deutschland durch planmaessige Vertuschung und muit juritischen Tricks an ukrainischen Opfern des Nazionalsozialsmus bereicherte, indem Entschaedigungszahlungen vorenthalten wurden. Dieser Tatsache kann ich einfach keinerlei Geschmack abgewinnen.
Meine Einbuergerung in die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Seit meiner Geburt vom 10.Januar 1953 bis 14. Januar 1990 war ich durch die mir auferlegte Rechtsstellung heimatloser Auslaender zum Aufenthalt in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland berechtigt. Das einzige Dokument meiner Identitaet war ein Reiseausweis, basierend auf einem nicht weiter erlaeutertem Abkommen vom 28. Juli 1951. Dieser Ausweis musste alle zwei verlaengert werden was auch bedeutete, dass mir innerhalb der Gueltigkeit gestattet wurde im Falle einer Ausreise ins Ausland in die Bundesrepublik zurueckzukehren.
Im Maerz 1988 machte ich mich mit dem Zug auf den Weg in die ukrainische Anlage Frankopole in den Ardennen in Belgien. Es ist meiner Aufmerksamkeit entgangen, dass mein Reiseausweis nur bis Januar 1988 Gueltigkeit hatte. Gewoehnlich gab es zwischen Deutschland und Belgien auch keine Grenzkontrollen mehr. Nicht so am 31. Maerz 1988. Auf belgischer Seite fand im Zug eine Passkontrolle statt, aus der sich herausstellte, das ich mit einem abgelaufenen, also ungueltigen Reiseausweis nach Belgien eingereist bin. Der Grenzbeamte erklaerte mir, das meine Einreise nach Belgien illegal war, da ich gemaess meinem Reiseausweis Fluechtling nach der Genfer Fluechtlingskonvention war und keinen gueltigen Nachweis vorlegen konnte, in welches Land ich zurueckkehren koenne. Aufgrund dessen wurde ich inhaftiert und nach Liege gebracht, wo ich bis zu naechsten Tag in Haft eingessen bin. Dann wurde ich einem belgischem Beamten vorgefuehrt, der mir erklaerte, das meine Personalien durch Auskunft deutscher Behoerden ueberprueft wurden. Durch die Ungueltigkeit meines abgelaufenen Reiseausweis konnte ich in Belgien nicht als Fluechtling nach der Genfer Fluechtlingskonvention behandelt werden. Nach Auskunft deutscher Behoerden sei ich sowjetischer Staatsbuerger und werde daher mit dem in Liege einfahrenden Zug Moskau-Paris aus Belgien ausgewiesen. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt hatte ich keinerlei Kenntnisse darueber, was ein Fluechting nach dieser Genfer Konvention darstellte und ich hielt es fuer geradezu laecherlich, mich als sowjetischen Staatsbuerger anzusehen. Allerdings hatte ich schon ein sehr eigenartiges Gefuehl, als der Zug Moskau-Paris in Hauptbahnhof Liege einfuhr und ich dann begleitet von zwei belgischen Beamten in den Zug einsteigen musste und mit diesen in einem verschlossenen Abteil des Zuges die Reise in Richtung Deutschland antratt. Als der Zug im ersten deutschen Bahnhof (Aachen) einfuhr, oeffneten die belgischen Beamten das Abteil und verliessen den sowjetischen Zug. Kurz darauf tat ich dann dasselbe.
Dieser Vorfall gab mir sehr zu denken. Ich machte mich kundig und stellte fest, das ich, obwohl 1953 in Deutschland geboren, tatsaechlich gemaess meiner Rechtsstellung Fluechtling nach dem Abkommen vom 28. Juli 1951 des UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency) der Genfer Fluechtlingskonvention war. Ziel der Konvention war ein moeglichst einheitlicher Rechtsstatus fuer Menschen, die keinen diplomatischen Schutz ihres Heimatlandes mehr geniessen. Ich galt als Fluechtling aufgrund von Ereignissen, die vor dem 1. Januar 1951 in Europa eingetreten sind und aus der begruendeten Furcht vor Verfolgung sich ausserhalb des Landes befinde, dessen Staatsangehoerigkeit ich besitzte. Zusaetzlich wurde mir die Rechtstellung heimatloser Auslaender zugeordnet, die nur in Deutschland galt. Unklar war mir, wer und mit welchem Recht mir all diese eigenartigen Rechtsstellungen zugeordnet wurden, wer und mit welchem Recht mir ein unzutreffendes Heimatland (Sowjetunion) und deren Staatsangehoerigkeit zugeordent wurden. Mir wurde aber sehr klar, wie sehr sich dieses Deutschland gegen die Integration von Auslaendern stellte und wie auslaenderfeindlich diese Nation tatsaechlich ist, denn anstatt zum deutschen Staatsbuerger haben mich die deutschen zum heimatlosen Auslaender gemacht. Nach reiflicher Ueberlegung stellte ich mir die Frage, wieso ich nach britischer Sichtweise Vertriebener (DP) war, wenn ich doch in Deutschland geboren und in meinem Geburtsland lebte? wieso mich dann die Deutschen zum heimatlosen Auslaender (Foreigner without Homeland) stempelten, obwohl denen sehr wohl bekant war das ich Ukrainer bin und wieso mir diese unzutreffende sowjetische Staatsangehoerigkeit zugeordnet, ein Staat mit welchem weder meine Eltern noch ich selbst in irgendeiner Form zu tuen hatte. Und letztlich lernte ich, das ich ausserhalb Deutschlands als Fluechtling angesehen wurde, obwohl ich von niergendwo geflohen bin. Die einzige Erklaerung, die fuer mich in Frage kam war, das all dies auf Vereinbarungen von westlichen Allierten mit der Sowjetunion zurueckzufuehren sind. Und Deutschland nutzte diesen Zustand, um sich so der Verantwortung gegenueber ehemaligen ukrainischen Zwangsarbeitern zu entziehen.
Das wollte ich so nicht mehr gelten lassen und beantragte die deutsche Staatsbuergerschaft. Zum Antrag auf Staatsbuergerschaft gehoert nach deutschem Recht die Verpflichtung, eine schriftliche Bestaetigung vorzulegen, wonach ich nicht mehr im Besitz einer vorherigen Staatsbuergerschaft war, welche nach deutscher Sichtweise die sowjetische war. Ich lehnte dies mit dem Hinweis ab, das meine Eltern niemals sowjetische Staatsbuerger waren, ich diese niemals beantragt habe und ich es ablehne, mich in die Hoheit (Botschaft) eines Unrechtsstaates, die der Sowjetunion, ungeschuetzt als Fluechtling zu begeben. Im uebrigen verwies ich darauf, das Deutschland mit dieser Forderung gegen die Genfer Fluechtlingskonvention verstosse.
Zu dieser Zeit war ich ehrenamtlich in der Vertretung der ukrainischen Emigration in Deutschland, Verband fuer Nordrhein-Westfalen, taetig und unter anderem auch fuer Betreuungsmassnahmen fuer ukrainische heimatlose Auslaender im Auftrage des Ministeriums fuer Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen zustaendig. Einmal jaehrlich fand eine Tagung aller auslaendischen Fluechtlingsverbaende mit Vertretern einiger Ministerien statt, in der ich einen Vortrag zum Thema Integration und Einbuergerung von Auslaendern hielt, indem ich als Beispiel meinen eigenen Fall auffuehrte und deutsche Behoerden fuer ihre Verhaltensweise gegen den Personenkreis wie den meinigen sehr scharff kritisierte. Kurze Zeit nach diesem Vortrag erhielt ich eine schriftliche Benachrichtigung um eine Gebuehr fuer den Einbuergerungsantrag zu entrichten und danach erhielt ich kommentarlos per Post die Einbuergerungsurkunde zugesandt.
Die Einbuergerungsurkunde erhielt jedoch einen Vermerk, wonach die Einbuergerung sich nicht auf meine Familie, also meine Kinder, erstrecke. Meine Frau hat als US-Staatsbuergerin bei der Geburt unserer Kinder sofort dafuer gesorgt, dass diese die US-Staatsbuergerschaft erhielten. Wie Recht sie damit hatte, den ansonsten wuerden auch unseren Kindern diese Rechtsstellungen Fluechtlinge, heimatlose usw. von deutschen Behoerden zugeordnet, dies fast 50 Jahre nach Ende des 2. Weltkrieges und in der dritten Generation. Bezeichnend ist, dass Deutsche der dritten Generation nach dem Krieg sich fuer das Unheil und die unmenschlichen Massnahmen Nazideutschlands nicht mehr verantwortlich fuehlen, jedoch gleichzeitig grossen Wert darauf legen, dass der in Deutschland verbliebene Personenkreis ehemaliger Opfer des Nazionalsozialismus auch weiterhin uneingebuergert ihren Schicksal ausgesetzt ist.
Zum Verstaendnis, ich habe lange darueber nachgedacht wieviel Sinn es macht, die Geschichte meiner Familie und die gleichzeitigen geschichtlichen Geschehnisse, die soviel Einfluss auf uns hatte, schriftlich niederzulegen. Nachdem ich anfing mich mit diesem Thema mehr zu beschaeftigen, stellte ich fest, das Deutsche zum diesem Thema schweigen oder sehr einseitig darstellen. Einen Grund Deutschen zu vertrauen gibt es nach meiner Ueberzeugung auch heute nicht, da sie sich im Ergebnis vielfach so verhalten, wie sie es in der Vergangenheit getan haben, dies gilt inbesondere aufgrund deutsch-russischer Interessen und deren katastrophale Auswirkungen.

Ihor Myroslaw Chomiak
Naples Fl.
August 8, 2016

Ukraine and Turkey; Roksolana and Suleiman the Magnificent

Ukraine and Turkey; Roksolana and Suleiman the Magnificent

My thought about Turkey on this day of Thanksgiving Eve 2015. Long ago when I was a student in New York I had friends from Turkey who were students too. I was a young whipper snapper who knew little about the world and had so much to learn. I was asked to go to the Public library on 42nd street with Ali and Mehmet to read to them.

Read meaning there were books and papers written by Tatary in Cyrillic and they couldn’t read it. I read it, but had no clue about what I was reading. There were no computers or cell phones at the time. They wrote down what they needed for their research paper and then asked me to edit their translation into English. That is how my going to Ukrainian school all my life, helped that day.

We have a lot in common with Turkey. Professor Prycak of Harvard, was a Turkologist and went on to be the first Chair of the Ukrainian Studies Chair at Harvard. He used to say alot of our history is in Turkish archives.

Both Turkey and Ukraine have been snubbed by Europe, even though Ukraine saved Europe from invasion in Vienna by the Turks and Tatary, and Turkish workers rebuilt Germany because it was bombed flat during WWII.

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Ukrainians Turks and Tatars in New York during the Crimean Invasion by Russia in 2014
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Ukraine, the Black Sea, and Turkey are all neighbors and share ….

Today if Turkey and Ukraine became partners wouldn’t that be nice. The Black Sea would be ours just about, and we could say FU to the Putin and his Russia . Turkey managed to improve economically without Europe and so can Ukraine.

Let Merkel and Hollande melt in their VW ‘s and BMW’s and Mistrals.

Halyna Klymuk
Naples Florida
November 25, 2015

The new Ukrainian Army

New Ukrainian Army
New Ukrainian Army (The Day in Photos – August 24, 2015 avaxnews.net)
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New Ukrainian Military to defend Ukraine (www.japantimes.co )

These aren’t soldiers who serve in a color guard.

These are soldiers who are ready to defend Ukraine now. They deserve respect for their bravery and dignity, because these young men and women are the only ones fighting the mighty brutal evil Russian Army while the world believes RT and Putin propaganda. No foreign country taught them to defend themselves nor does any foreign country help them.  They get band aids and humanitarian help that’s it.

After 25 years of demilitarization in Ukraine, this army got together in less than a year and marched down the main street of Kyiv on August 24th to celebrate Independence Day. That is where the Maidan defenders of Ukraine had been gunned down by Putin’s snipers.

At the same  time when during the week of February 18th, 2014, Russia entered Ukraine in Krym (Crimea) and  Eastern Ukraine,   Ukraine was without a President, Parliament had just been taken over by Maidan,  Yanik’s house was vacated by him and he fled to Russia to Putin never to return again,  and the funerals for the “Heavenly Sotnia” started and were taking place everyday.

The Maidan  “samo oborona” national guard,  kept the border in check, by going to the front immediately. While they did this, they were  allowing  the military forces  to form. This is incredible. We should all be so proud of our young Ukrainian people. I don’t think they will ever allow themselves to be occupied or ruled by Russia again. It is over…
Notice there is no display of weapons at this parade. There is a display of young men and women, and they are beautiful  and they are defending their nation from a horrible attack a cruel invader, Russia. They are honored to be walking and marching through the streets of their capital  Kyiv to the tune of “Za Ukrayinu za yiyi Volyu za chest; i slavu za narod” .

The Maidan was a movement to defend our Ukrainian dignity against terror, corruption and occupation in camouflage. Maidan2014  exposed Russia and corruption to the world.  A world who stood by and watched while educated people were shot down in their capital city in the heart of Europe. A world which later watched the invaders, the Russians shoot down a passenger plane over Eastern Ukraine and not be tried for this offense.

Now under the will of Maidan Ukraine was saved, and the Ukrainian army got itself  together and is now defending Ukraine’s dignity and standing with the Maidan national guard volunteers. Again Ukraine is more united than ever.

Poroshenko states, these forces were born in a Free Ukraine and they will defend all of free Ukraine, every ethnic group, religion, tribe , etc that is Ukraine and is found on Ukrainian soil and  needs protection from an invader or aggressor. In this case it is Russia.

I remember a cold war slogan, better dead than red……

We should all be so proud of the Ukraine defense forces, and be happy to be a part of this great nation called Ukrayina and descendents of ancient Kyiv rus’ . It is Ukraine alone that is defending the world from Putin, who sponsors Iran, Korea and ISIS.  These terror groups  are all  on his tab.

Halyna Klymuk X

August 29, 2015

Naples, Florida

A visit to western North Dakota

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Mail in rural north dakota on the way to the homestead
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Original North Dakota Homestead from the 19th century Sod house

 

 

 

 

 

 

It is interesting how in life you make plans to have an effect on an event and in the end the event has an effect on you. Well that is exactly what happened to me.

I have learned so much since having been invited to speak at the Ukrainian Festival here in Dickinson, ND that I can’t begin to tell you how impressed, pleasantly surprised and happy I am to have been a part of it.
I came with the intent to explain what I saw and experienced in our ancestral homeland Ukraine this past year, well actually since December 2013. I toiled over how much to say and how much not to say so as to leave a clear picture in the peoples’ minds of what is and has been really happening in Ukraine. There were other excellent speakers who spoke of Ukraine’s dilemma in relation to its big powerful neighbor on the east, Russia.
Growing up in New Haven, Ct. in a Ukrainian community I was sure I was well informed about all our “hromady” and emigre passions. Well I was wrong. I never knew about this community in North Dakota. Not only did I not know about it, I never even heard about it until I visited Ellis Island with my grand daughter and saw a big picture of Ukrainian Immigrants standing in front of their tiny church on a hill  a few years ago. It was a picture from North Dakota. i said to my grand daughter someday we will go see that church and that hill.

Well a few years went by, life took me to Kyiv Maidan and the events in Ukraine that lead up to war with Russia now. Little did I know, that these events would lead me to Dickinson, ND in 2015 but they did. Those who attended my presentation know what I have experienced, but I would like to briefly share my experience with you that I have had over the past few days. I visited the UCI (Ukrainian Cultural Institute, Dickinson, ND), the University, the churches, the cemeteries, and Agnes Palanuk who is author of “Ukrainians in North Dakota In Their Voices”. Members of the community lent me a car to use and invited me to see the place they lived in which stretches for miles and miles. Col. Dolenko the military attache from the Ukrainian Embassy was here as well. On the last evening of the festival we were summing up our thoughts and experiences and we came to this conclusion;
This “hromada” this community this Parish of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, and Ukrainian Orthodox Church, are a unique “Hromada” unlike any other in the world. It may be similar to the communities in Parana Brazil, or Misiones Argentina, or Western Canada, but because this was in the United States it has it’s own character. After 1861 when slavery was abolished in Ukraine there were millions of peasants without land and work. The rulers were the Tsars in the East and Austrians in the west. The Austrians weren’t as domineering as the Tsars but they too were rulers over Ukrainians in Ukrainian lands. The Ukrainian peasants owned nothing, had little if any land, the countryside was populous and families weren’t able to feed their children or provide a home. Between 1870 and 1914 hundreds of thousands left Ukraine from the Dnister Bukovyna areas mainly, and nad Dniprianshchyna in Central Ukraine. These are the people who came to North Dakota to homestead in 1896 via Europe, Canada and Winnipeg, and some from Eastern USA. Agnes Palanuk’s family dates back to one of the first settlers from Ukraine in North Dakota from Halychyna where the Zbruch River meets Dnister. Her grandmother came with her husband and little daughter in 1897. That little daughter Paraska (Polly) is Agnes’ mother.

We were shown the land that these Ukrainian families own. They stretch as far as the eye can see. They are beautiful. They are farmed with sunflowers, wheat, canola, and more….. The hay is bailed now and looks beautiful on the plains. Since 1950 oil wells have been found. The land that was so difficult to plow and seed and reap, is now plentiful and has made our Ukrainians comfortable.

The first families lived in sod houses (a style of building they knew from Ukraine), and those houses still speck the landscape. They don’t speak of addresses here, they speak of the Palaniuk, the Havreluk, the Gregory etc homestead. This is how they settled and build North Dakota. They got 160 acres of land, and had to live on it. This broke the tradition of  “selo” (village) in Ukraine since now they would be surrounded by the fields and not neighboring houses. In Ukraine the villages  were surrounded by the fields. Often the first settlers experienced loneliness, especially the women. Within 5 years 40 acres had to be farmed so as not to lose the homestead. They pitched in and helped each other. To plow and seed 40 acres of grassland often without a horse  was not an easy task. They had no money to start with so many didn’t have a horse. They did all the work by hand.
Today these families own Western North Dakota and rightfully so. They have mineral rights for their land, and they continue to hold onto it in their families and in their community. This is America. This was cultivated and cared for and cherished by immigrants from Ukraine. No other community in the United States has this quality. This is their bat’kiwshchyna (homeland). Ukraine is in their hearts.
Halyna Klymuk
July 21, 2015
Dickinson, ND

featured image is my friend Agnes Palanyuk standing in front of her Aunt’s house saying Welcome   “Zakhodit'”     so I did.   Agnes was the local teacher and would stop by her Aunt’s house here on her way to the school house. She was on horse at the time………

Understanding Ukraine’s Maidan

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Maidan in Kyiv January 18, 2014 (photograph Yuriy Havrylyuk)
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Maidan Kyiv January 18, 2014 (photograph Yuriy Havrylyuk)
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Tents at Maidan Kyiv January 19, 2014 (photograph Yuriy Havrylyuk)
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Kyiv Maidan January 18 2014 (photograph Yuriy Havrylyuk)
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There is trouble brewing on Sunday January 19, 2014 Kyiv Maidan photograph Yuriy Havrylyuk
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Fighting starting on Hrushewska Street Sunday January 19 2014 photograph Yuriy Havrylyuk
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Mass rally on the Saint Sophia Square in Kyiv following the proclamation of the union of the Western Ukrainian National Republic and the Ukrainian National Republic (22 January 1919). photograph from google archives
The day is January 22, 1918. Right here in Kyiv the declaration of Independence from Russia was read right here at the Maidan. Petlura and Hrushevs'kyj were present. and it was January 22, 1918. Look what is happening at the Maidan.It is December 30, 2013 now. #Euromaidan  A Ukrainian Demonstration at Maidan Khreshchatyk ... See More
The day is January 22, 1918. Right here in Kyiv the declaration of Independence from Russia was read right here at the Maidan. Petlura and Hrushevs’kyj were present. and it was January 22, 1918. Look what is happening at the Maidan.It is December 30, 2013 now. #Euromaidan
A Ukrainian Demonstration at Maidan Khreshchatyk A Ukrainian Demonstration at Maidan Khreshchatyk MARCH 1917. Ukraine was an occupied country and was seeking independence which it would proclaim on January 22, 1918 at the same place. It would indeed proclaim independence from Russia but this independence would be very short lived . In a short period of time Ukraine would experience the worse genocide known to man. the Holodomor. This time in 2013-14 it has to be a victory. This has been going on for 100 years.
Maidan March 8th 2014 Krym (Crimean) Tatars join Maidan in Kyiv they have been taken over again by Russia Halyna Klymuk photograph
Ukrainians marching in Kyiv in the Center During the turn of the century the sign reads May a Free Ukraine live….. see there was trouble with the Russians then.

Many people think that EuroMaidan began the day after people realized that Yanukovych was not serious about reaching an agreement with the EU. They became fearful of a regression and a union with Russia and Putin. They began to do what Ukrainian people do when there is confusion, danger, and something to talk about. They begin walking to the Maidan. Here it is November 22nd and there is a problem so the walking and gathering begins.

This was true January 22, 1918 when people started to walk, gather and come in wagons with the blue and yellow flags flying everywhere. I know about this, because Dr. Bilynsky a colonel in the UNR army lived with us when I was growing up and told us about it. There was no internet, no social media, no television at the time. This was a huge euphoric gathering, but the world did not hear about it. But the maidan is where they gathered and Maidan is where the reading of the declaration of Ukrainian Independence took place on this date.

By January 29th, it was too much for the Russians to handle. They sent 4000 Bolsheviks to recapture Ukraine and met a group of Ukrainian soldiers at the Kruty train station. Of the 400 men 300 were young students who stepped out to defend themselves against the oncoming Bolsheviks. Over 200 of them died within hours. It was back at the Maidan that this horrible tragedy was mentioned in March of that year 1918.

By 1933 over 14 million people starved in Eastern Ukraine because of Stalin’s planned famine. This happens to be the 80th anniversary of the tragic Holodomor in which 10 million starved to death. Andrea Chalupa said it clearly in a Time Magazine Article from 12/2013 “ Stalin engineered the famine to rid himself of a stubborn enemy. Ukrainians had fought for their independence during the Russian revolution and for a short time they had beaten back the Reds. What’s more, Ukraine being the “bread basket of Europe” had a rich and ancient culture of farmers, who wanted to hold on to their land and their identity. As a civilization, Ukraine is more than a 1000 years older than Moscow. For Stalin as for Putin today, this would be a very hard back to break.”

During the great famine Holodomor, Stalin replaced the dead Ukrainians with Russians who were deported from their homeland in the North. They changed the face, the language, and the work ethic of Eastern Ukraine. This is where Yanukovych was brought up. It is no wonder that his heart is not with Ukraine but with Putin. It is no wonder that he is causing havoc amongst the Ukrainian people. And who is it that is coming to the Maidan to figure out what to do about the future? The students and young people of course. As in the battle of Kruty but today there is internet, social media and communication. This can’t be hidden as it was in days gone by.

By August 24, 1991 Ukraine was again ready for a walk a maidan. They proclaimed independence and tried again to tear away from the Russians who were the Soviets of the day before. By November 2004 there was still a problem. This man called Yanukovych who had grown up in those lands that had lost millions of their people to Holodomor, wanted to be president. He was raised by very pro Russian pro Soviet types. This wasn’t going to work so the people went for a walk. They walked to Maidan because yes, sure enough there was a problem. This walk had some technology supporting it so it got a name. It was the Orange Revolution. Unfortunately those winners were not yet strong enough to hold on to the country. They began to argue amongst themselves, and before you know Yanukovych the loser is in power. He actually had a come back, like a movie star. He incarcerated Yulia Tymoshenko, snuffed out the opposition and found a bunch of cronies like himself and they are behaving as if they were in charge of a drug cartel. They are accumulating enormous wealth and guess where their investments are.? Yes you are right in the West in Europe. That doesn’t sound to good now does it. He is running to Putin every chance he gets and has left the Ukrainian people and the Europeans out standing in the cold.

By November 24th a month ago, over 100 thousand people had gathered at Maidan. They did what Ukrainians do, they walked to Maidan because there was a problem. The difference this time has been internet, social media, communication with the world and the walk and gathering had a name. It had a title. It was called EUROMAYDAN. Outside of Ukraine, 4 people stood in front of the Ukrainian Mission to the UN with signs, we want Europe. UkrainEurope. Word had gone out and the Ukrainian Community in New York the local UCCA branch sent out a poster per internet and called the people to gather after the annual Holodomor Mass at St. Patricks Cathedral on 5th Ave. The Maidan became global. It traveled from Ukraine to St. Patricks and the Ukrainian Mission. By Sunday scores of cities were uniting with Maidan. It began to have an identity. EUROMAIDAN became a new word. Slava Ukrayini , Heroyam Slava became the new greeting of EuroMAIDAN sympathizers. A movement was born.

Identifying posters were made and shared all over the world. e.g. I’m Ukrainian I can’t keep Calm, and Ukraine belongs to EU, and No to Russia Yes to EU and many many more. During the Maidan issues were discussed. Politicians came to speak. World leaders came to speak. It became newsworthy and slowly the world press began to mention that something was happening in KYIV.

By November 30th Berkut the riot police came out and started beating on the peaceful protesters and students. The ones taken to prison became known as The Bankova Prisoners because that is the street they were beaten on. #Euromaidan FB page SOS was set up to offer free legal assistance and it still works today. The most recent arrests and assaults have been the stabbing of Dmytro Prypets in Kharkiv, Pavlo Mazurenko in Maidan and Tatyana Chornovol on Christmas Day December 25th.

To date no one has been prosecuted for the November 30 and December 1st attacks. Tomorrow will be the one month anniversary. On December 25th UDAR Klichko’s party put together a list of 80 perpetrators for the attacks on the peaceful demonstrators. This information can be found on klichko.org web site.

Later Yanukovych visited Russia on December 6th smiling all the way. This spurs on a huge march to Maidan and by December 8th on Sunday Lenin is toppled over. The last of the big Lenin statues in Kyiv. The riot police try to dismantle the barricades to no avail. After the December 1st attacks the people barricaded themselves in at Maidan. They were not going to be beaten again. By December 10th western diplomats began to visit Maidan and express their solidarity. McCain, Murphy and others to name a few. On December 14th during the Okean Elzy performance the light show the people put on was spectacular. The lifting of the phones for Heroyam Slava was wonderful. McCain saw this we all did. By the 17th Russia and Ukraine had signed an agreement and Maidan continues to draw people. There is still a big problem, and that is Ukraine does not want to be in any kind of union with Russia.

As long as there is a problem, Maidan will continue. Why? Because that’s who we are. That’s what we do. Ukrainians get together and talk about problems. This goes back to Kozak times. The Kozaks practiced democracy long before there was a Ukraine.

We the Ukrainian people will make it through this one as well. Why because the young people don’t want to play this game any longer. I have seen it for myself. No one under 30 wants PUTIN.

Halyna Klymuk Chomiak
December 2013
New York

P.S.  This was written in December 2013 when I realized people in New York didn’t understand what was happening in Ukraine and what what Maidan. They didn’t understand that it is when there is trouble in Ukraine, Ukrainians come out in their capital city and let it be know.  This happened in 1914, 1918 and 2004 and 2014 and many many more times. This is what Ukrainian people do. The cause of all the disturbance is Russia trying to occupy and control Ukraine, and Ukrainian thought. In January I went to Kyiv and stayed there till April. I witnessed what Ukrainian people will stand for, and I witnessed Putin’s aggression and Russia’s passivity towards their country invading and killing innocent people. The pictures here show that not much has changed since the early 1900’s. Yet now the world knows and is standing by and watching.

Halyna Klymuk  June 2015

Why did Maidan 2013/14 happen ?

Why did we have Maidan and what is it today?

Maidan started in November 2013 and has been functioning till the present day.

It is this Maidan that united Ukrainians in Ukraine, In Europe and in the World. Many of the previous Maidan groups, Euromaidan, Automaidan, New York maidan and Washington Maidan etc. have renamed their groups.  Now they are all separate on FB  and I don’t know about the reality. I tend to think we are all still one. The reason is we haven’t achieved the goal of Maidan yet. I can’t believe millions of Ukrainians in Ukraine stood through the ice and cold to become simple clubs all over the world socializing on FB.

In my opinion the ‪#‎Maidan‬ and ‪#‎EuroMaidan‬, and ‪#‎Euromaidan  NewYork‬‪  #‎Automaidan‬ etc. have to be revamped and have to continue using the “Maidan name. The people are still one, and the name shouldn’t be changed. It shows a unity and even more important it shows a consistency.

It is because of  ‪#‎KyivMaidan‬ that we all got together. It is because of #KyivMaidan that we stood together for Ukraine’s dignity. It is the #KyivMaidan that continues to supply ATO and it is the performers of #KyivMaidan that keep raising money for and supporting the volunteer Battalions in Donbas and ATO. It is still all one. It is still #Maidan. It is still living in tents but not in the center of Kyiv but closer to where ATO is in Eastern Ukraine. It is still operating in every city of Ukraine and major cities of the world. Why change the name?

Until Ukraine is free and there are no Russians killing our people in Ukraine
it is #Maidan the stand for Ukraine and it’s dignity that is central. Let us not change our names. They are all pseudonyms  but the real name for why we are all together is Ukraine.  Ukraine is our country and Kyiv is our capital and #Euromaidan is our unifying factor and has been since 2013.

It started with a bunch of kids who wanted to join the EU and put an end to corruption. It started with the desire to end corruption by  getting  rid of Yanik, remember ciao vitja ciao……!!   We haven’t achieved anything, because Yanik was Putin’s puppet, and now we have Putin. Corruption is moving out at a snail’s pace. There is a war. People think Krym (Crimea) is Russia. Ukraine isn’t a part of the EU.

The people of maidan, have been beaten, shot and killed but not broken. They are working everyday to supply and keep ATO going. They have become MP’s and community leaders. Let’s not forget that. Let’s not leave that name for Ukraine’s strongest movement for self determination and self esteem ever.

January 2014 photo at Maidan in Kyiv Krym without Ukraine is like the Sun without the sky….. don’t anger us it isn’t necessary SEVASTOPOL
For Ukraine for her  destiny for her honor and freedom, for the people....  this is a song....
A banner in Kyiv at Maidan in January 2014 For Ukraine for her destiny for her honor and freedom, for the people…. this is a song….
My friends and I met again after the last battle at Institutska,  I had returned from the USA and this again was our farewell week end......
Marta and Serhij my friends from Mykhajliwski Rukh My friends and I met again after the last battle at Institutska, I had returned from the USA and this again was our farewell week end…… Serhij is walking again after being shop near prof spilka and Marta is still our friend
Maidan in January from the Institutska Bridge     January 19 2014  that night hrushevska burned
A view from the Bridge on a Sunday My friends and I met again after the last battle at Institutska, I had returned from the USA and this again was our farewell week end……
Maidan is Revolution,  if it doesn't matter to you, then stay home.  This is when I decided to stay at Maidan.
Maidan is Revolution January 16, 2014 Kyiv Maidan is Revolution, if it doesn’t matter to you, then stay home. This is when I decided to stay at Maidan.

Halyna Klymuk
May 27, 2015

Vladyslav the truck driver was beaten on Bankova Dec. 1, 2013

WP_004343 (2)
At Vladislav’s house after he was released from the hospital He had bad head aches and dizzy spells at that time

Vladyslav is a Ukrainian man from the Kyiv Oblast in Ukraine who was badly beaten on December 31, 2013 on Bank Street in Kyiv. This is his story.

He is a truck driver. He is married and has three children. A daugher who is 17 another daughter is 8 and a son who is 18 months old. Although he feels better he can’t drive because of all the medication he takes. This makes him dizzy.

I asked him when he got involved in Maidan and what brought him to the brink of protesting. He said that from the beginning in 2004 he simply could not accept Yanukovych as his president. That fact that he chose not to vote for a partnership with the EU was the cherry on top. Vladyslav said he was so terribly dissappointed. Because he is a truck driver and his earnings depend on speed and efficiency in pick up and delivery, the time it takes to cross each border is such a drawback and effects his salary. He felt that not signing this partnership with EU stopped him from doing his job. Prior to that day he had hope that Ukraine would develop along the lines of Poland, and that gave everyone great hope. He would then be able to drive wherever necessary and he could make some money.

He then went on to explain that crossing the border to Russia is awful. Everytime he crosses, somethng wrong is found and he is fined. He reiterated that his happened each and everytime. I then asked where he worked, meaning did he drive his own truck or a company truck. He said it was impossible for him to have his own truck. Every truck company has been bought and there is no room for another. He would never be able to get a permit. Then on November 31st he happened to be listening to the news and heard, that Berkut was beating on the little ones. He then wen to see for himself and walked up to Bank street. He smiled when he said the little ones, because he said that is what we all call them. TIhey are our pride and joy, they are our students. When I got to Bank Street I was shocked at all the burning.

They had spilled the fuel and lit it. Then they were setting off fireworks and throwing grenades and other things. I started to walk up to the metal wall they had built. I walked up really close thinking it was Berkut. It wasn’t Berkut. It was the army, the Internal Army. The boys who are conscripted into this army are boys that have just turned 18. I saw I was looking into the eyes of children, he said. They were so frightened. I saw scared children with fright and tears in their eyes. They really aren’t even armed yet. One shouted at me “Diad’ku idit’ zvidsy”. Which is Uncle leave here…… This scared child told me to do this. You must understand he said, they take on an oath that they will not disobey orders, or they will be put up to defend themselves in military court and may be court marshalled. He then went on to say, I really wanted to talk but I saw I was dealing with kids, and that there really wasn’t anyone to talk to, so I turned around and started to leave.

There was a loud bang and sparks at my feet. It was one of those special grenades that are very very loud and cast a strong spark and light. It deafens and blinds you. I turned and saw that the little boys has separated and from behind them came the huge Berkut. These were the 2 meter tall big strong men in their 40’s. They are the ones who had been hiding behind the kids and were throwing the grenades and fire crackers. More exploded, and I lost my orientation for a few moments. There was a horrible ringing in my ears. It wouldn’t go away, he said. So I sat down. Suddenly they grabbed me under my arms. They had obviously already singled me out because I had walked up to the boys and wanted to talk to them. They started to escort me away. For some reason I thought they were ours and were taking me back to Maidan. But that wasn’t the case. They started to beat me and hit me over the head with the rubber batons.

Then they took me to a holding place in an enclosed yard and made me lie face down to the ground. I was very confused and really did not understand what was happening. I raised my eyes and saw at least two hundred large Berkut stand around me. They were all over the yard. They began to search me. I noticed there were no witnesses to what was happening. I also learned that this was not the local Berkut. This was the special force of Berkut from Krym (Crimea). After searching me they found that I had nothing. I had maybe 10 hryvnja’s in my pocket ID that I was the father of many children and had a wife and some cigarettes. I had no real money nor weapons and this angered them. They began to beat me with those batons. They pounded me all over my body everywhere. At first it seems to be a plain and simple rubber baton. It isn’t. The front of it is a flashlight. To light the flashlight it is loaded with 4 D batteries and it is about 40cm long with is about 16 inches in length. Then they hit me in the eye. He looked at me and said ‘Pani Halyu” which is a polite way of addressing me in Ukrainian, would you like to know how? By this time I could barely write. I felt so sorry for this man, and at the same time I was so happy he was alive and sitting at a table with his wife and with me and talking about this. I was so proud of him. I said of course please tell me.

He said, they told me to kneel down and hold my arms at my sides straight down. I was not allowed to raise my arms for any reason. When they shined the light in my eye I raised my arm to cover my eye. At that moment they hit me in the eye and in the face several times, then 5 of them jumped me and continued to pound me, and everytime I raised my arm to protect my face three more came to help with beating until I lost conciousness. I fell over. My last thoughts were, why are they doing this. I didn’t then and don’t know now why they hate they Kyyany so much. (Kyyany are citizens and residents of Kyiv). Why are they so mad at us. I chose mad because it is beyond anger it is a rage. As I lay on the ground they stepped on my head. They started to shout at me and yell and screamed you Kyiv billy goat you bray, you want to hear a real noise listen to the sound of a Krym boot/shoe grinding in your head. They kicked me in the head several times and then hand cuffed me. They took me to jail where they interrogated me for a long time.

During the time I was in jail my company fired me. My wife was forced to write an affidavite saying I voluntarily resigned. I am not working now, nor can I drive now with my wounds. We have to buy my medicine and I go to a doctor who is interested only in healing thank goodness. In school the teachers are fair to my children. There are families who are government affiliated and they do remark about things to my children.

We then noticed two men had come in and sat down near us and were listening so we changed the topic of conversation.

He told me another story about when he drove his truck to Germany once and at the border he stepped out to have a cigarette. The German police came and were what he thought was yelling at him and telling him he can’t smoke here only in designated areas. He put out his cigarette then put a 50 in his passport and handed it to the police. He thought he was doing the right thing because that is what you do when you travel from Ukraine to Russia. The Germans got mad and handcuffed him and arrested him. In the customes jail, a translator explained that was common practice where he came from. He apologized and they let him go.

He then said all his life he felt he was a middle class citizen. He did well in school, he held a job and took care of his family. On Sunday he went to church. This is what his parents had done and his grand parents. He was very proud of his family. They have been Kyyany for generations. When he went to the EU he felt he was not even a second class citizen but a third class. After all of this he felt he would like to take his family and leave Europe and move to Canada.

There is more to this story but we have to meet again in a different place.

Halyna Klymuk

February 5, 2014

Kyiv, Ukraine

 

How Ukrainians were removed from Ukraine and sent to Germany during WWII (Ostarbeiter) or (Zwangsarbeiter)

another name for Ukrainians who have no homeland
another name for Ukrainians who have no homeland. Standing center by the first row of children is my father-in-law a homeless foreigner  Mykhajlo Chomiak
Life and Death in the DP camp. There is a wreath from CYM 1948 I think this is Rheine but not sure
Life and Death in the DP camp. There is a wreath from CYM 1948 I think this is Rheine but not sure
UKrainians mobilize themselves in DP camps after being killed, kidnapped and scattered during the war. This is the British Zone in Germany after 1945
UKrainians mobilize themselves in DP camps after being killed, kidnapped and scattered during the war. This is the British Zone in Germany after 1945

Rakovets’ through Germany to London, Ontario
Anna came from the village of Rakovets’ near Pidhajtsi in Ukraine, but in 1944 it was Poland. Anna is a prime example of a Ukrainian person who in the eyes of the western world is really homeless. This is her story. “They took us from our “selo” village we were barefoot and started chasing us to the next village and the next and the next until we got to Pidhajtsi” I asked her “what, who chased you , how , where and why?” and the story began.

The Germans were then the occupying force. The Nazi’s were on the run from Stalin and they were still rounding up workers for Germany. Many Ukrainian people had no citizenship at all. It was war and the occupying country at the moment was providing travel and documents for whatever reason. In this case it was for labor in German factories, farms, coal mines and whatever was needed. This is how they did it. They came with their arms and dogs and literally chased people (herded them together like cattle) from their homes, churches, schools, fields etc. Age did not matter. Anna was 8 at the time and had a mother. The father had died. Their group kept getting bigger and bigger as they were chased from village to village until they reached Pidhajtsi which was a town and had a train station. Here they were given a coat and wooden shoes, put on the train and off they went never to return.

Anna and her mother ended up in Mettman to work laying railroad tracks. It was cold, there was almost nothing to eat, and Anna contracted TB and her mother asthma. It took years to cure and was the cause of her not being able to emigrate out of Germany until the late 60’s. By 1945 the war ended and the people ended up in the British zone.

The English like the Americans had the task of sorting out all the people in the labor camps. They realized these were Eastern Europeans but what were they going to do with them? The Soviets had moved all the way into Berlin and were demanding that their citizens be returned. Poland had become communist as well as the other Eastern European countries and many of the these people had been involved in certain activities in their homelands and were simply afraid to be sent back. As a matter of fact many committed suicide rather than be returned to the soviets.
In order to resolve this chaotic situation, both the British and the Americans used old German army barracks to form Displaced Persons camps DP camps. Anna and her mother ended up in Reine. It was huge. The Ukrainian people immediately formed schools, theater groups, clubs, churches and had a community structure almost immediately. They kept being shifted from camp to camp. As people left to other continents, the ones that remained moved on into Augustdorf, then Lintorf and by the late 1950s little neighborhoods had been built with tiny apartments or tiny one family houses.  This area of Germany is the Ruhrgebiet and was heavily bombed so there simply was no housing.

The disbursement of the Ukrainian people from the camps was cleverly done. The neighborhoods were far from one another, there wasn’t one church or one school, there would be many little ones with traveling priests and teachers. By 1958 the Dusseldorf /Wersten “oselia” block was built. Anna and her mother moved into an apartment, and other families moved into small houses. They the community continued to live together as a family and Anna became the Ukrainian school teacher and traveled between the neighborhoods as did the Ukrainian Catholic and Orthodox priests.

Another family she was very close  was that Mykhajlo Chomiak was the  leader of the local TSPUN ( central’ne predstavnytstvo ukrajintsiv nimechchyny)  the Ukrainian Community in Germany group.  Together they realized that as people were emigrating out something had to be done for those that stayed.

The status of these people was created in Geneva in 1951.  Unlike other countries where they became citizens, Ukrainian people left in Germany were not stateless, because they had no Ukrainian state when they were kidnapped from their villages so  they became the legal homeless population of the world. They became known in Germany as the “Heimatlose Auslander”. They had this status literally until the wall went down in Germany in 1989.

The Geneva Convention of 1951 issued a travel document called Heimatloseauslander.  This literally translates to  Homeless Foreigner. So Anna , her mother the Chomiak family and every single Ukrainian person left in Germany now got this new document. It was actually a travel document and stated that the people holding it had all the rights of a German Citizen, but could not vote, serve in the military or government, and when traveling Germany would not be responsible for him.

Oseredok CYM Dusseldorf in Shongau.1955
Oseredok CYM Dusseldorf in Shongau.1955 Anna is the camp counselor the young blonde lady in the middle
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Один з перших СУМ таборів в Німеччині 1948 або 1949 у Шонґау. Більшість учасників табору були з Анґлійської зони на півночі. One of the first CYM camps in Germany 1949. A vykhovnyk (counselor) was Bandera. CYM summer camp in Schongau where Bandera and Lenkawskyj were teachers.
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Choir in a DP camp in Rheine

So a new life began with a new status.  People had jobs, were traveling to meet one another, and organized summer youth camps through an organization called CYM.  These camps were held in Bavaria, namely Shongau and for several weeks many people got intensive training in Ukrainian history, culture and politics.  Some of the famous lecturers were Bandera, Lenkavskyj, Witoshynskyj, Kushpeta to name a view.  The OUN B thrived and was highly respected. In order to be a member one had to have gone through intensive classes in what is means to be Ukrainian and how they were going to return and continue the struggle for independence.  There was no talk of ever getting German citizenship or going elsewhere.

 

By 1964  more that half of all those left continued to emigrate out. Stalin had died, the Hungarian revolution was suppressed and there was little hope of any kind of uprising in Ukraine. After having millions of people together for years in these DP camps only a few thousand remained in Germany as heimatloseauslanders. They continued their ways, they were proud of their documents, they knew who they were and who they were not.  But people being people always think the grass is greener on the other side of the fence.   In 1966 three families from Dusseldorf Wersten, got visas to go to Canada.  Anna  Kekish, her husband Ivan and  their baby Natalia moved to London Ontario. They joined the church, looked into the existing organizations and tried to include themselves.  These were three families who were very important to the community in North Rheine Westphalia, but not here in Canada.   They continued their ways in the beginning. They didn’t speak English.  In church people pointed their fingers at them and called them the “Nimtsi”. So they would visit each other on Sunday afternoons, sing songs play tysiachka and cook together.   Then the people in church said they were unsociable.  So Anna tells me “we started to do as the local people did. We worked in CYM and liga”, and Ivan Anna’s husband was very active. He had held a certain position in the structures of OUN in Germany, and soon he found that everything had changed in Canada. The top ranking members were part of a masonic lodge. This shocked him at first, and he had no one to turn too. Anna said to me at that point his idealism was shattered.  They continued to do the best they could in their new home London Ontario. They bought a house and a car and created debt like the other people in church. This was very difficult for them because in Germany if you didn’t have money for something you simply didn’t buy it in those days.    After 2 years Anna wanted to go back to Dusseldorf but learned she couldn’t. When they accepted Canadian emigration they turned in that magical document from Geneva, thus giving away their right to ever going back to Germany.  It was a very sad moment.  She said now she is Canadian like her neighbors, but after spending 2 days with her  I don’t think so.

 

Epilogue  \

I moved to Dusseldorf Wersten in 1977.   So I continued to tell Anna what happened there. We continued to go to church and sing songs in the afternoon and play tysiachka with my father in law. He often beat us.  We had a brief Ukrainian revival when I got there with my New York ideas. Europe was collapsing from the cold war and Ukrainian life was vibrant.  Her eyes sparkled as I told her about the times from 1977 to 1996. We shared many memories.   Anna  and  I are examples of Euro/American Ukrainians.  She grew up Ukrainian in German labor and DP camps.  From 1944 when she was 8  till 1966  when she was 30  her formative years were either in labor camps or dp camps  in post war Germany.  A post script to this is that when my children were born we had the choice for them to be heimatloseauslander or US citizens. This is a large group of Ukrainians that have been forgotten about.  These are people who never bought any property. Not one church, not one domiwka, not one tabir or ploshcha. Everything was provided by the Germans for their use.  Coming from America I quickly saw this was another plan to rid Germany of all the Ukrainian people as soon as possible.

By the year 2003 when we went back for a visit, Dusseldorf was full of Ukrainians. But they were not Christian they were Jewish.   The Jews applied for visas to Germany on the the Ukrainian quota. So 85% of the new Ukrainian emigration  who was subsidized by German funds were not ethnic Ukrainians and did join our Ukrainian community in Germany. As a matter of fact they tended to identify themselves as such;  Ich bin von Kiev, Russland.

Then in 2006 when we visited Germany again for the Welt Meisterschaft  (world cup) we saw something different. Germany was full of young educated people from the Lviv University who spoke German and Ukrainian  beautifully.  They had learned in Lviv.  We were very pleased.  That year was the first time I had been in Poland as well. Actually in Poland and not just driving through to go to Ukraine.

By this time no one in the community was a heimatloseauslander. All had become German citizens. But there was no longer a vibrant Ukrainian Community waiting to go back to Ukraine. After being occupied and persecuted by Poland, Germany, and Russia, even the Hungarians, they finally lived in peaceful united communited in the DP camps. This is where the Ukrainian Hromada was born and it thrived from 1945 from Germany and Austria where the DP camps were to the rest of the world until now.   Those that started these communities and gave birth to “Ukrainian Hromada”  had all died.   Those that were in Germany were going no where. The huge oseredky  Bielefeld, Hannover, Hamburg, Dusseldorf/Essen, Stuttgart have all just about disappeared.  The new ones are found all over Germany since unification.
Halyna Klymuk

November 13, 2013

Toronto, Canada